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Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body does not effectively utilize insulin. While good food and exercise can help some individuals regulate their blood sugar levels, others may require medication or insulin to do so.

Type 2 diabetes is most common in persons over 45, but it is now affecting an increasing number of adolescents, teenagers, and young adults.

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What causes Type 2 Diabetes?

Insulin is a hormone produced by your pancreas that serves as a key to let blood sugar into your body's cells for energy usage.


Insulin resistance occurs when cells in people with type 2 diabetes do not react properly to insulin. To encourage cells to respond, your pancreas produces more insulin.

Your pancreas eventually can't keep up, and your blood sugar levels rise.

Symptoms & Risk Factors

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes can develop over a period of years and go unnoticed for a long time. In some rare cases, there are no symptoms at all.

Because symptoms might be difficult to detect, it's critical to be aware of the risk factors and to visit your doctor to have your blood sugar tested if you have any.

Common symptoms of type 2 diabetes:

  • Urinating often

  • Feeling very thirsty

  • Feeling very hungry—even though you are eating

  • Extreme fatigue

  • Blurry vision

  • Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal

  • Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet (

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